Insomni’hack 2024 – Bash to the Future writeup

The Challenge

You have been contracted to help COPERNIC Inc spot the light on a potential compromise. It seems that one of their scientists has been spied through a 20 years old malware… And fortunately, Zeus was on your side since the 4 Gb snapshot was carried out at the best possible time to facilitate your analysis.

Continue reading Insomni’hack 2024 – Bash to the Future writeup

A Deep Dive into TPM-based BitLocker Drive Encryption

When I investigated CVE-2022-41099, a BitLocker Drive Encryption bypass through the Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE), the fact that the latter was able to transparently access an encrypted drive without requiring the recovery password struck me. My initial thought was that there had to be a way to reproduce this behavior and obtain the master key from the Recovery Environment (WinRE). The outcome of a generic BitLocker bypass was too tempting not to explore this idea…

Continue reading A Deep Dive into TPM-based BitLocker Drive Encryption

CVE-2022-41099 – Analysis of a BitLocker Drive Encryption Bypass

In November 2022, an advisory was published by Microsoft about a BitLocker bypass. This vulnerability caught my attention because the fix required a manual operation by users and system administrators, even after installing all the security updates. Couple this with the fact that the procedure was not well documented initially, and you have the perfect recipe for disaster.

This is typically the kind of vulnerability you do not want to deal with when you are in charge of a large fleet of workstations and laptops. However, on the other side of things, hard to patch vulnerabilities such as this one usually offer the best opportunities for red teamers and the like. This is where my journey investigating this bug and learning more about TPM-based BitLocker Drive Encryption began.

Continue reading CVE-2022-41099 – Analysis of a BitLocker Drive Encryption Bypass

Insomni’hack 2023 CTF Teaser – DoH ! writeup

For this 2023 edition, i chose to focus on the DoH (DNS Over Https) protocol because it has gained popularity for attackers as a command and control (C2) communication channel for hiding DNS traffic through HTTPS rather than using the traditional DNS tunneling. In this post, i will describe in details how to solve the challenge.

Continue reading Insomni’hack 2023 CTF Teaser – DoH ! writeup

Insomni’hack 2023 – hex-filtrate writeup

In this forensic challenge, a company has been compromised and their initial investigation led to a suspicious workstation. The CEO was very anxious about a potential exfiltration, and we were provided with a network dump of that workstation in the hope that we would be able to help him make some sweet dreams again.

Continue reading Insomni’hack 2023 – hex-filtrate writeup

Attacking Android Antivirus Applications

Although the usefulness of security tools such as Antivirus, VPN and EDR is now indisputable in business circles, these solutions often need a lot of privileges and permissions to work properly, also making them an excellent target for an attacker. The presence of a bug in one of these types of solutions could allow a malware to elevate its privileges and cause more damage to the organization.

Continue reading Attacking Android Antivirus Applications

Producing a POC for CVE-2022-42475 (Fortinet RCE)

Late last year a new remote code execution vulnerability was discovered in Fortinet’s SSLVPN service. Given the relative lack of information surrounding it at the time, and the fact I’d have some uninterrupted research time due to a lengthy flight, I decided to attempt to produce a POC for the vulnerability.

Continue reading Producing a POC for CVE-2022-42475 (Fortinet RCE)